Is Impossible Meat Vegan and Cruelty-Free?

July 25, 2023

Navigating the landscape of vegan food can sometimes feel like traversing a dense forest, with food manufacturers often obscuring the true nature and sources of their ingredients. 

This journey of discovery can be challenging, but worry not, dear reader. 

This article aims to be your guiding light, unmasking the truth and empowering you on your vegan adventure.

Is Impossible Meat Vegan?

To cut to the chase: Impossible Meat, the brainchild of Impossible Foods, is not entirely vegan. The controversy surrounding Impossible Foods products, such as the Impossible Burger, Impossible Pork, Impossible Sausage, Impossible Chicken Nuggets, and Impossible Meatballs, stems from the use of animal testing during their development process.

Now, it’s important to clarify that the ingredients of Impossible Foods products, including Impossible Burger vegan and non-vegan varieties, are plant based. However, one particular ingredient, soy leghemoglobin, was tested on animal subjects during its approval process for human consumption, which is where the vegan community voices concerns.

Is Impossible Meat Cruelty-Free?

This brings us to our next question: Is Impossible Meat cruelty-free? Sadly, the answer is no. 

Although Impossible Foods CEO Pat Brown has stated that the company opposes animal testing, the fact remains that it was part of its development process. In its quest to replicate the meaty flavor and savory taste of a beef burger, a trial was performed on rats to ensure safety. 

This unfortunate act of animal cruelty disqualifies Impossible Meat from being entirely cruelty-free.

What Is Impossible Meat Made Of?

Impossible Meat is a plant-based meat substitute developed by Impossible Foods, a company that aims to give people the taste and nutritional benefits of meat without the environmental impact of livestock production. This innovative product uses a variety of plant-based ingredients to mimic the texture, taste, and aroma of real meat. But what exactly goes into this plant-based meat alternative? Let’s find out:

  • Water
  • Soy protein concentrate
  • Coconut oil
  • Sunflower oil
  • Natural flavors
  • 2% or less of: potato protein, methylcellulose, yeast extract, cultured dextrose, food starch modified, soy leghemoglobin, salt, mixed tocopherols (vitamin e), soy protein isolate, konjac gum, xanthan gum


Water is a universal solvent and makes up a significant portion of all the foods we consume. It comes from natural sources and is vegan. In Impossible Meat, it serves as a medium to bind and mix all the other ingredients.

Soy protein concentrate

Soy protein concentrate is derived from soybeans, a common plant source of protein. It serves as the main protein source in Impossible Meat, helping to provide the chewy, substantial texture associated with real meat. It is plant derived, and it is completely vegan.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil comes from the kernel of mature coconuts. It serves as the primary fat source in Impossible Meat, contributing to its juicy, fatty mouthfeel that mimics that of meat. Coconut oil is plant based and, thus, vegan.

Sunflower oil

Sunflower oil is extracted from the seeds of sunflowers. It adds to the fat content of Impossible Meat, enhancing its texture and flavor. As a plant-derived oil, it is vegan.

Natural flavors

The term “natural flavors” refers to complex mixtures of flavors derived from plant or animal sources. In the case of Impossible Meat, all natural flavors are derived from plant sources, making them vegan. These flavors are used to create the savory taste profile associated with meat.

Potato protein

Potato protein is derived from potatoes and is used to improve the texture of the Impossible Meat, giving it a “bite” similar to real meat. Because potatoes are a plant source, potato protein is vegan.


Methylcellulose is a chemical compound derived from cellulose, the most abundant organic polymer on Earth, found in the cell walls of green plants. It is used as a binder and emulsifier in Impossible Meat, helping to hold the ingredients together and improve the texture. Because it is derived from plants, it is vegan.

Yeast extract

Yeast extract is a natural ingredient made from yeast, used in food production for its strong umami flavor, which adds depth and savoriness to Impossible Meat. Being derived from yeast, it is vegan.

Cultured dextrose

Cultured dextrose is a food additive made from the fermentation of dextrose (a sugar) by friendly bacteria. It acts as a natural preservative in Impossible Meat, helping to maintain its freshness. Being a product of fermentation, it is vegan.

Modified food starch

Modified food starch is derived from a range of plant sources and is used as a thickening agent in food products. In Impossible Meat, it helps contribute to the product’s structure and “meat-like” texture. It is vegan.

Soy leghemoglobin

Soy leghemoglobin (also known as “heme”) is produced by fermenting genetically engineered yeast and is the key ingredient that gives Impossible Meat its meat-like flavor and “bleeding” characteristic. Although it is produced using a synthetic process, the end product does not contain any animal-derived ingredients, making it vegan.


Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride. It is used in Impossible Meat to enhance flavor. It is a mineral, and it is vegan.

Mixed tocopherols (vitamin E)

Mixed tocopherols are a form of vitamin E, often used as a natural preservative to maintain freshness in food products. In Impossible Meat, they help preserve the product’s shelf life. They are derived from various plant oils and are vegan.

Soy protein isolate

Soy protein isolate is another protein-rich ingredient derived from soybeans. It enhances the protein content and texture of Impossible Meat. As a plant-based protein, it is vegan.

Konjac gum

Konjac gum is a natural hydrocolloid derived from the root of the konjac plant. It is used as a stabilizer, emulsifier, and thickener in Impossible Meat, helping to provide a meat-like texture. It is plant derived and vegan.

Xanthan gum

Xanthan gum is a thickening and stabilizing agent, produced by fermenting simple sugars with a specific kind of bacteria. It helps maintain the consistency and texture of Impossible Meat. Because it is a product of bacterial fermentation, it is vegan.

Vegan Alternatives to Impossible Meat

Looking for a plant-based burger that fits your ethical dietary choices perfectly? There are numerous options available at grocery stores and eateries, even Burger King:

  • Beyond Meat: Known for its Beyond Burger, this company also offers plant-based meats like ground meat that don’t rely on animal testing.
  • Original veggie burgers: Traditional veggie burgers often use vegetables, grains, and legumes, and are usually free from any animal derived ingredients.
  • Homemade patties: Using ingredients like lentils, mushrooms, beans, and grains, you can create your own delicious and ethical vegan burgers at home.


In conclusion, while Impossible Meat and other Impossible Foods products are made from plant-based ingredients, the ethical considerations regarding animal testing deem them not completely vegan or cruelty-free. This is an important reminder that ingredient lists don’t always tell the entire story. 

For those committed to a vegan lifestyle, there are other brands and homemade options that deliver delicious, plant-based meats without these ethical dilemmas. Our planet, and all who share it, will thank you for making these compassionate choices. 

So, the next time you see Impossible Foods products like Impossible Whopper or Impossible Beef, remember there are other equally tasty, and more ethically sound, alternatives out there. After all, your vegan journey is not just about what you eat, but also the impact your choices make on our world.